As I plan out my course, I embed assessments into each class. I have to understand what the standard/proficiency is and what part of the standard/proficiency I am trying to have the students achieve each class. In addition, I have to figure out which activity I can use that demonstrates the standard at its highest level.
I try to have a short assessment that students do not see as anything other than a regular activity. After they do the assessment, I often ask them what the activity/assessment measured. I evaluate the assessment according to the rubric which I have given the students. I usually give them their score on each part of the rubric and a few specific suggestions for improvement or I just give them the suggestions for improvement.
By embedding assessments frequently into the course, I can see if the students are progressing or if they need more structured support.